Shakespeare in American


Shakespeare in American
   The plays of William Shakespeare (1564-1616) were frequently produced in North America from the earliest settlements by Europeans. Before American independence and well into the 19th century, English troupes, or British-trained actors, included Shakespeare's plays centrally in their repertories. The first performance of Shakespeare in New York is believed to have been Richard III, staged in 1750 by Thomas Kean, but he used Colley Cibber's bowdlerization of Shakespeare for his text. Resistance to English players in America came to a violent head in the Astor Place riot in 1849, pitting supporters of rivals William Charles Macready, an English actor, and Edwin Forrest, America's greatest tragedian to date, against each other. African Americans made their first theatrical inroads when the African Grove Theatre launched careers for black Shakespeareans James Hewlett and Ira Aldridge. By the mid-19th century, Edwin Booth emerged as the premiere American Shakespearean, scoring a major triumph with his Hamlet, which ran for 100 consecutive performances in 1865. Shakespeare was central to the repertoires of Booth and other touring stars: Thomas W. Keene, Lawrence Barrett, Frederick Warde, Louis James, Marie Wainwright, E. L. Davenport, Emma Waller, John McCullough, and Helena Modjeska. As European immigrants poured into New York beginning in the 1890s, foreign-language productions of Shakespeare were frequently seen, including notable Yiddish theatre performances by Jacob Adler in The Merchant of Venice and King Lear.
   In the first decade of the 20th century, E. H. Sothern and Julia Marlowe revived interest in Shakespeare on the road with their elaborately staged productions, from their 1904 triumph in Romeo and Juliet until the 1920s. Charles Coburn and his wife Ivah Wills performed virtually the entire Shakespearean canon on tour with their company. Modern European staging techniques began to have an impact on Shakespearean production in the United States with English director Harley Granville Barker's innovative A Midsummer Night's Dream in 1916 and others, but the New Stagecraft triumphed in the Arthur Hopkins-Robert Edmond Jones collaborations on Richard III (1920) and Hamlet (1922), starring John Barrymore, whom many critics considered to be the greatest Hamlet since Booth.

The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shakespeare (disambiguation) — Shakespeare may refer to the following people: * William Shakespeare, the playwright * John Shakespeare, father of William * Susanna Shakespeare, daughter of William * Judith Shakespeare, younger daughter of William * Hamnet Shakespeare, son of… …   Wikipedia

  • Shakespeare authorship question — …   Wikipedia

  • Shakespeare Tavern — The Shakespeare Tavern is an Authentic Elizabethan Playhouse located in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. The Tavern is home to the Atlanta Shakespeare Company and Chef for a Night catering, which offers food (high quality British Pub Food) and… …   Wikipedia

  • SHAKESPEARE, WILLIAM° — (1564–1616), English playwright and poet. The Merchant of Venice (1596) has been claimed as the play in which Shakespeare found himself in the fullest sense. As with other major comedies of his so called second period, the main emphasis was to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shakespeare's Politics (book) — Shakespeare s Politics (1964), by Allan Bloom with Harry V. Jaffa, is an analysis of four Shakespeare plays guided by the premise that political philosophy provides a necessary perspective on the problems of Shakespeare’s heroes. Its methods and… …   Wikipedia

  • American Beauty (film) — American Beauty Theatrical release poster Directed by Sam Mendes …   Wikipedia

  • Shakespeare and Company (bookshop) — Shakespeare and Company is an independent bookstore located in the 5th arrondissement, in Paris s Left Bank. Shakespeare and Company serves as both a bookstore and a lending library, specializing in English language literature. The upstairs also… …   Wikipedia

  • Shakespeare in Love — Données clés Titre québécois Shakespeare et Juliette Titre original Shakespeare in Love Réalisation John Madden Scénario Marc Norman Tom Stoppard Acteurs principaux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shakespeare enamorado — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Shakespeare in love Título Shakespeare apasionado (Hispanoamérica), Shakespeare enamorado (España) Ficha técnica Dirección John Madden Producción …   Wikipedia Español

  • American Players Theatre — (APT) is a classical theater located in Spring Green, Wisconsin, about forty miles west of Madison.APT sits on 110 acres of woods and meadow just off the Wisconsin River and includes a 1,148 seat outdoor amphitheater. Founded in 1979, APT has… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.